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骨质增生的危害表现

来源:上海西郊骨科医院 点击:50次 发布时间:2013-12-13 15:00

    学过政治的朋友们都知道,政治里面有个理论叫辩证唯物主义,这是告诉我们看待事物要用辩证的态度.那么对于疾病也是如此,骨质增生既可以是骨的代偿、再生和修复,是一种正常的生理变化,也可以是病理性的,可引起患者疼痛等症状的.因此对于骨质增生的危害我们需要正确认识.


    Studied political friends all know, political there is a theory called dialectical materialism, this is to tell us things to with the dialectical attitude. It is also the case for the disease, bone hyperplasia can be compensated, bone regeneration and repair, is a normal physiological changes, also can be the pathological, patients can cause pain and other symptoms. So for the harm of hyperosteogeny we need a correct understanding.

 


 


    骨质增生是骨骼的一种状态,表现为骨骼在生长、发育及其完成功能的过程中,某些部分失去正常的形态,出现异常.骨质增生的形式多种多样,因所在部位不同而有其各自的特点,如膝关节的骨质增生常表现为骨刺、关节内游离体和软骨增生等.


    Bone hyperplasia is a state of bone, is a process to complete the function of bone in growth, development and in some parts, the loss of the normal form, the abnormality of bone hyperplasia in various forms, because the location of different and has its own characteristics, such as the knee joint bone hyperplasia is often expressed as a spur, joint the free body and cartilage proliferation.


    骨质增生的危害主要表现在以下几点:


    The harm of bone hyperplasia mainly in the following points:


    ①、关节部位的骨质增生,必然使关节表面不平整,活动时互相摩擦、撞击,结果就会导致关节疼痛、肿胀和积液,关节的功能受到影响.其表现是一侧或双侧关节不适,疼痛肿胀.起初疼痛多在长时间行走或上下楼梯时,但休息或卧床后好转.随着病情发展,走平路也疼痛,活动不方便,关节不稳定,走路稍不注意就会疼痛.


    ①, joint bone hyperplasia, must make joint surface is not flat, activities of mutual friction, impact, the results will lead to joint pain, swelling and effusion, the joint function was affected. Its performance is unilateral or bilateral joint discomfort, pain and swelling pain. At first in the long time walking or stairs, but the rest or bed after the turn for the better. With the progression of the disease, the flat road also pain, activity is not convenient, joint instability, walk a little attention will be pain.


    ②、腰椎骨质增生发病缓慢,早期轻微不易引起重视,仅表现为腰腿酸痛,时轻时重,尤以久坐、劳累后或晨起时疼痛明显,适当活动或休息后减轻.当椎间盘退变后,椎体变形,相邻椎体间松弛不稳,活动时自觉腰部僵硬,疼痛无力.退变后形成的骨赘刺激,可使腰部僵硬感更加明显,休息时重,稍事活动后减轻,过劳则加剧.


    The lumbar bone hyperplasia, slow onset, early and mild and not easy to cause attention, lumbago were the only manifestation, when light weight, especially in the sedentary, tired or early morning when the pain obviously, appropriate to reduce the activity or rest. Vertebral deformation when the disc degeneration, adjacent intervertebral instability, relaxation, activity consciously waist stiffness, pain and weakness. Osteophyte formation degeneration after stimulation, can make the waist stiff feeling more obvious, when resting, reduce after the activity a little, fatigue intensifies.


    ③、一旦骨质增生使脊神经受压,可引起腰部的放射痛,出现腰腿痛及下肢麻木.若椎体的后缘增生而导致椎管狭窄,压迫马尾神经,出现马尾神经受压综合症,临床有间歇性跛行症状.椎体前缘增生及侧方增生时,可压迫刺激附近的血管及植物神经产生机能障碍.


    The hyperosteogeny, once the spinal nerve compression, can cause the waist is radiative painful, lumbago and leg pain and numbness in the lower limbs occurred. If the trailing edge of the vertebral hyperplasia and cause spinal stenosis, compression of the cauda equina, cauda equina compression syndrome, the clinical symptoms of intermittent claudication. Anterior margin accretion and lateral hyperplasia, can oppress stimulate nearby vascular and autonomic produce dysfunction.


    ④、骨质增生形成后,会向周围挤压,关节周围的肌肉组织如含有丰富的神经纤维,是常见的骨刺的危害.当神经纤维受到刺激和压迫时,可引起麻木、疼痛,特别是神经根受压后,不仅局部酸胀、疼痛,在其所辖范围内都可出现类似反应.


    ④, bone hyperplasia after forming, to around extrusion, the muscles around the joint tissues such as rich in nerve fibers, is the common harm spur. When the nerve fiber stimulation and oppression, can cause numbness, pain, especially the nerve root compression, not only local acid bilges, aching, in their jurisdiction the range can appear similar reactions.


    上述就是关于骨质增生危害的相关介绍,希望能够对大家有所帮助.当然对于疾病还是需要大家做好积极预防,这样才能防患于未然.


    The above is about the related bone hyperplasia harm, hope to be able to help. Of course, the disease still need us to active prevention, so as to nip in the bud.

 

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