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膝关节半月板损伤有哪些特点

来源:上海西郊骨科医院 点击:165次 发布时间:2014-02-26 15:56

     半月板损伤是一种常见的骨科疾病,一定要及早发现,选择在佳的时间里及时治疗,而只有弄清半月板损伤的症状后,才能及早发现.那么,半月板损伤的症状是什么?半月板损伤有哪些临床表现形式有那些?医生介绍多了解其症状对于其治疗是很有帮助的!下面我们来详细的看一下吧!

 
 
    Meniscus injury is a common disease of Department of orthopedics, must early discovery, choose the best time to timely treatment, and only know the meniscus injury symptoms, to early detection. Then, what is the meniscus injury symptoms? What are the clinical manifestations of meniscus injury have those? Shanghai Xijiao Orthopaedics Hospital experts said to the symptoms it is helpful for the treatment! Let's detailed look!
 

    【半月板损伤的症状
 
 
    [] meniscus injury symptoms
 

    一、关节疼痛
 
 
    A, joint pain
 
 
    会出现关节的一侧疼痛,位置较为固定.或是膝盖屈曲到某一个角度时也会出现障碍和弹响.但是弹响后疼痛就会消失也可出现伸直运动.这是半月板的损伤就很大.
 
 
    There will be pain side joint, position is fixed. Or knee flexion to a certain angle will appear obstacles and snapping snapping. But after the pain will disappear also can appear straight movement. This is the meniscus injury
 
 
    二、打软腿
 
 
    Two, weak legs
 
 
    肌肉会出现无力,感觉控制不住关节.常常会突然出现跪倒的现象,尤其是上下楼梯时为明显.
 
 
    The muscles will appear weak, feel unable to control joint. Often suddenly appeared at the phenomenon, especially on the stairs when the most obvious
 

    三、关节交锁
 
 
    Three, joint locking
 
 
    在活动过程中汇突然出现伸直障碍.但活动后就会解锁.反复出现就要确诊是否是半月板损伤.
 
 
    In the process of Zhonghui suddenly appear straight obstacles. But will unlock activities. Recurring to diagnose whether the meniscus injury
 
 
    温馨提示,半月板损伤一定要及时治疗,因为肩周炎早期,好治疗,治疗费用少,痛苦小.如果拖延到后期,严重了,难治疗,治疗费用高,痛苦大,家庭承受的负担也大.
 
 
    Reminder, meniscus injury must be timely treatment, early treatment for periarthritis of shoulder, well, less treatment cost, less pain. If the delay to the late, serious, difficult to treat, the high cost of treatment, the pain, the family burden is also high
 
 
    膝关节半月板损伤有哪些特点?骨科医生指出膝关节半月板损伤的特点主要表现在以下几个方面.
 
 
    What are the characteristics of knee meniscus injury? The Department of orthopedics of Shanghai Xijiao Orthopaedics Hospital experts pointed out that the characteristics of knee meniscus injury is mainly manifested in the following aspects
 
 
    膝关节半月板损伤的特点:
 
 
    Characteristics of knee meniscus injury:
 

    1.患膝有典型的扭伤病史.
 
 
    1 knee sprain history is typical
 

    2.扭伤时,关节内有撕裂感,随即发生疼痛、肿胀,活动受限,跛行.
 
 
    2 sprains, joint with tearing pain, swelling, ensued, activity limitation, limp
 

    3.损伤半月板的相应关节间隙有较明显的压痛点.
 
 
    The corresponding joint clearance 3 meniscus damage has obvious tenderness
 

    4.膝关节弹响及绞锁症.关节弹响发生在伸屈膝关节时,患者常可自己做出.但需注意关节弹响须伴有关节疼痛或绞锁症状,若不伴有疼痛或绞锁,则不一定是半月板损伤.绞锁症即在行走情况下突发关节疼痛,膝关节不能屈伸,状如绞锁,若将患膝稍做晃动或屈伸,即可缓解并恢复行走.绞锁现象可以反复发作,每次发作,膝关节都会停止在同一体位上.
 
 
    4 of snapping knees and interlocking disease. Joint clicking occurred in the extended knee joint, patients often can make. But attention must be accompanied by pain or joint hemimandibular hinged joint lock symptoms, if it is not accompanied by pain or locked, is not necessarily the meniscus injury. Interlocking disease namely walking conditions the sudden pain, knee flexion and extension can not, like a locked, if the knee slightly shaking or flexion and extension, can alleviate and restore walking. The locking phenomenon can be repeated attack, attack, the knee will stop in the same position
 

    5.病程较长者,大腿股四头肌可出现萎缩.
 
 
    5 the long disease duration, thigh muscle atrophy four can occur
 
 
    6.特殊检查及试验,如仰卧旋转检查(麦氏症阳性、旋转挤压试验(研磨试验)阳性.
 
 
    6 special inspection and test, such as supine rotation checks (Mai's positive, rotary extrusion test (grinding test) were positive
 
 
    7.膝部X线平片不能显示半月板损伤,故直接诊断作用不大,但拍摄X线平片可以排除膝关节的骨性病变或其他疾患,所以被认为是常规检查的一种.
 
 
    7 knee X-ray can not display the meniscus injury, direct diagnosis effect is not big, but shooting X-ray can be ruled out knee joint osseous lesions or other diseases, so it is considered as a routine examination
 

    8.膝关节造影检查在诊断半月板损伤上有一定价值,且可以确定半月板损伤部位.
 
 
    8 the knee joint radiography inspection has some value in the diagnosis of meniscal injury, and can determine the meniscus injury


    9.膝技术半月板损伤#检查对关节内结构可提供直观形象,对不典型半月板损伤有诊断价值.
 
 
    9 the meniscus of knee injury # inspection technology can provide visual image of the joint structure, has important value for the diagnosis of atypical meniscus injury
 
 
    以上就是对膝关节半月板损伤有哪些特点?的介绍.在此,骨科医生提醒患者,在治疗时需要选择一家经验丰富正规专业的骨科医院,并且要正确认识这种疾病,保持良好的心态,这样
 
 
    The above is the injury of meniscus of knee joint which features? Introduction. In the Department of orthopedics of Shanghai Xijiao Orthopaedics Hospital, experts advise patients, treatment need to choose an experienced professional department of orthopedics hospital, and to recognize the disease, maintain a good attitude, so

 

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